Beit Khallaf Ni-maat-Hapi Nimaathapi Nemaathap
Reconstructions   (click and hold down)

Click and hold down
When the tomb once was closed, five wells were used for offerings in the owner's memory cult, (fictively shown in the pictures) and all of them ended within the structure above ground level.
The volume of the construction is circa 38.500 cubic meters and if the filling with sand/stones was one third and the rest masonry the bricks used (300 per cubic meter) must be at least 7.5 million!
King Djoser's name was found on hundreds of clay seals. His mother Nimaathapi was mentioned eight times plus a single name of king Peribsen from the second dynasty 50 years earlier. Also present were names of priests and chiefs of royal vineyards. No adjacent tombs were found (but three further away) and this tomb was lonely in the flood plain right from the beginning 4.600 years ago. The centralized royal power to the capital Memphis and its burial ground Sakkara, included monumental buildings too, and mastaba K1 at Beit Khallaf was probably the last of its kind to be built in the countryside. A reconstruction with fresh photos from ground level here.

Beit Khallaf K1 K-1 K 1 Ni-maat-Hapi Nimaathapi Nemaathap Nemaathapi